Some people have been abusing this web resource by claiming that it supports the claim that "fracking" which is properly called "hydrofracturing" induces earthquakes.
This is untrue. None of the the papers on this website investigates or supports the claim that hydrofracturing induces earthquakes.
All legitimate research has found no evidence of this. "Injection induced earthquakes" are NOT caused by hydrofracturing. Injection of fluids
for the purpose of waste disposal or well stimulation is NOT "fracking." Injection of fluids CAN induce earthquakes in some circumstances.
Hydrofracturing has NOT been found to induce earthquakes.
F. Batani, R. Console, & G. Luongo, "Seismological
Study of the Larderello-Travelle Geothermal Area," 14 Geothermics 255
R. Batra, J.N. Albright & C. Bradley, "Downhole Seismic
Monitoring of an Acid Treatment in the Beowawe Geothermal Field," 8 Trans.
Geothermal Resources Council 479 (1984)
A. Beauce, H. Fabriol, D. LeMasne, C.Cavoit, P. Mechler & X.
K. Chen, "Seismic Studies on the HDR Site of Soultz-forets (Alsace, France)"
3 Geotherm. Sci. Tech. 239 (1991)
B. Brandsdottir, P. Einarsson, K. Arnaso & H.
Kristmannsottir, "Results from
an Injection Experiment at the Svartsengi Geothermal Field, on
the Reykjanes Peninsula, Iceland" [abstract], Abstracts XXI General Assembly
Geodesy & Geophys. A372 (1995)
C.J. Bromley, C.F. Pearson, D.M. Rigor Jr. and PNOC-EDC,
"Microearthquakes at the Puhagan Geothermal Field, Philippines - A Case of Induced
Seismicity," 31 J. of Volcanology & Geothermal Res. 293 (1987)
M. C. Fehler, "Stress Control of Seismicity Patterns Observed during
Hydraulic Fracturing Experiments at the Fenton Hill Hot Dry Rock Geothermal
Energy Site, New Mexico," 26 Int. J. Rock Mech. Min. Sci. & Geochem.
Abstr., 211 (1989)
Q. Feng & J.M. Lees, Microseismicity, "Stress and Fracture within the
Coso Geothermal Field" [abstract], Abstracts XXI General Assembly Int'l
Union Geodesy & Geophys. A372 (1995)
V. Ferrazzini, B. Chouet, M. Fehler & K. Aki, "Quantitative Analysis
of Long-Period Events Recorded during Hydrofracture Experiments at
Fenton Hill, New Mexico," 95 Jour. Geophys. Res. 21871 (1990).
Joan Gomberg, :Field Observations of Triggered Earthquakes: Implication
for Rupture Initiation," EOS, Trans. Am. Geophysical Union F532 (1995).
Joan Gomberg & Scott D. Davis, "Stress/Strain Changes and Triggered
Seismicity at The Geysers," California, 101 Jour. Geophys. Research 733
A.S.P. Green, R. Baria, A. Madge & R. Jones, Fault-Plane Analysis of
Microseismicity Induced by Fluid Injections into Granite, Engineering
Geology of Underground Movements, Geological Soc. Eng. Geol. Spec. Pub. No.
5 415 (F.G. Bell, M.G. Culshaw, J.C. Cripps & M.A. Lovell, eds.,
Roger W. Greenfelder, "New Evidence of the Causative Relationship Between
Well Injection and Microseismicity in the Geysers Geothermal Field," 17 Trans. Geothermal Res. Council 243-247
L.S. House, "Locating Microearthquakes Induced by Hydraulic Fracturing
in Crystalline Rock," 14 Geophys. Res. Lett. 919 (1987)
L.S. House, M.C. Fehler & W. S. Phillips, "Studies of Seismicity
Induced by hydraulic Fracture in a Geothermal Reservoir, Pre-Workshop
Volume for the Workshop on Induced Seismicity," 33rd U.S. Symp. on Rock
Mech. 186 (1992).
L.J. Hutchings, S. Jarpe, P. Kasameyer & T. Hauk, "Microseismicity of
the Salton Sea Geothermal Field" [abstract] 69 EOS, Trans. Am. Geophys.
Union 1312 (1988)
T.M. Hunt & J.H. Latter, "A Survey of Seismic Activity near Wairakei
Geothermal Field, New Zealand," 14 J. Volcan. Geotherma. Res. 319 (1982).
C.F. Knutson, "Some Pleasant Bayou Area, Brazoria County, Texas, Brine
Injection Experience," Fifth Conf. on Geopressured-Geothermal Energy 101
(D.G. Bebout & A. L. Bachman, ed. 1981)
R.S. Ludwin, V. Cagnetti and C.G. Bufe, Comparision of Seismicity in
the Geysers Geothermal Area with the Surrounding Area, 72 Bulletin
Seismol. Soc. Am. 863 (1982)
E.L. Majer & T.V. McEvilly, "Detailed Microearthquake Studies of the
Cerro Prieto Geothermal Field," Proceedings, Third Symp. on the Geothermal
Field, Baja California, Mexico, Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory LBL-11967,
F.J. Mauk, :Results of the Seismic Monitoring Programs at the Pleasant
Bayou and Bayou Parcperdue, Geopressured-geothermal Design Wells," 6th
Conf. on Geopressured-Geothermal Energy (M.H. Dorfman & R.A. Morton, ed.
F.J. Mauk, G.G. Sorrells & B. Kimball, "Microseismicity Associated with
Development of Gulf Coast Geopressured-Geothermal Wells: Two Studies,
Pleasant Bayou No. 2 and Dow L.R. Sweezy No. 1," in: Geopressured-
Geothermal Energy, Proc. 5th U.S. Gulf Coast Geopressured Geothermal
Energy Conf., 105 (D.G Bebout & A.L. Bachman, eds., 1981)
Antony Mosson, "Induced Seismicity at the Geysers, Northern California," EOS, Trans. Am. Geophysical Union 444 (1994)
A. Mossop & P Segall, "Stresses Induced by Injection of Cold
Fluids into Hot Fractured Rock," 76 EOS, Trans. Am. Geophys. Union
A. Mossop & P. Segall, "Induced seismicity at The Geysers, Northern
California," [abstract only] 75 EOS Proceedings of the Amer. Geophys.
Union 444 (1994).
Dan R. O'Connell & L.R. Johnson, "Second-order Moment Tensors of
Microearthquakes at The Geysers Geothermal Field, California," 78
Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 1674 (1988).
Dan R. O'Connell & L.R. Johnson, "Progressive Inversion for Hypocenters
and P wave and S wave Velocity Structure: Application to The Geysers,
California, Geothermal Field," 96 J. Geophys. Res., 6223 (1991).
David H. Oppenheimer, "Extentional Tectonics at The Geysers Geothermal
Area, California," 91 J. Geophys. Res. 11,463 (1986).
R. Parker, "The Cambourne School of Mines Hot Dry Rock
Geothermal Energy Project," 1 Scientific Drilling 34 (1989)
C. Pearson, H. Keppler, J. Albright & R. Potter, "Rock Fracture During
Massive Hydraulic Stimulation of the Baca Location Geothermal Reservoir,"
6 Trans. Geothermal Res. Council 157 (1982)